See in Google Scholar.


  1. H Guo, A Priimagi*, H Zeng*,  Optically Controlled Latching and Launching in Soft Actuators. Adv. Func. Mater. 2022, 10.1002/adfm.202108919
  2. J. Liu, H. Zeng, M. Zeng, Z. Wang, J. Wang, M. Cen, D. Luo, A. Priimagi*, Y. J. Liu*, Photoelastic plasmonic metasurfaces with ultra-large near infrared spectral tuning. Mater. Horiz. 2022, 10.1039/D1MH01377G
  3. M. Cheng, H. Zeng*, Y. Li, J. Liu, D. Luo, A. Priimagi, Y. J. Liu*, Light fueled polymer film capable of directional crawling, friction-controlled climbing and self-sustained motion on a human hair. Adv. Sci. 2022, 9, 2103090.
  4. H. Guo*, Hao Zeng, A. Priimagi*, Optically controlled grasping-slipping robot moving on tubular surfaces. Multifunct. Mater. 2022, 5 024001.


  1. S. Yang, J. D. Harris, A. Lambai, L. L. Jeliazkov, G. Mohanty, H. Zeng, Arri Priimagi, Ivan Aprahamian*, Multistage reversible tg photomodulation and hardening of hydrazone-containing polymers. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2021, 143, 16348.
  2. Z. Liu, H. Zeng, K.-L. Yang*, D. Luo*, Thermo- and chemical-triggered overhand and reef knots based on liquid crystal gels. J. Mater. Chem. C
  3. P. Lv, X. Yang, H. K. Bisoyi, H. Zeng, X. Zhang, Y. Chen, P. Xue, S. Shi, A. Priimagi, L. Wang*, W. Feng*, Q. Li*, Stimulus-driven liquid metal and liquid crystal network actuators for programmable soft robotics. Mater. Horiz. 2021, 8, 2475.
  4. D. Li, S. Wang, J. He, H. Zeng, K. Yao, Z. Gao, M. Wu, Y. Liu, L. Wang, Z. Xie, X. Yu*, Bioinspired Ultrathin Piecewise Controllable Soft Robots. Adv. Mater. Technol., 2021, 2001095.
  5. P. Xue, H. Bisoyi, Y. Chen, H. Zeng, J. Yang, X. Yang, P. Lv, X. Zhang, A. Priimagi, L. Wang*, Q. Li*, Near‐infrared light‐driven shape‐morphing of programmable anisotropic hydrogels enabled by Mxene nanosheets. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2021, 60, 3390.
  6. Y. Chen, J. Yang, X. Zhang, Y. Feng, H. Zeng, L. Wang, W. Feng, Light-driven bimorph soft actuators: design, fabrication, and properties. Mater. Horiz., 2021, 8, 728.
  7. H. Zhang, H. Zeng, A. Priimagi*, O. Ikkala*, Pavlovian materials—functional biomimetics inspired by classical conditioning. Advanced Materials, 2020, 1906619.


  1. M. Lahikainen, K. Kuntze, H. Zeng*, S. Helantera, S. Hecht, A. Priimagi*, Tunable photomechanics in diarylethene-driven liquid crystal network actuators. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2020, 12, 47939.
  2. A. Eklund, H. Zhang*, H. Zeng, A. Priimagi, O. Ikkala*, Fast switching of bright whiteness in channeled hydrogel networks. Advanced Functional Materials, 2020, 2000754.
  3. H. Shahsavan, A. Aghakhani, H. Zeng, Y. Guo, Z.S. Davidson, A. Priimagi, M. Sitti*, Bioinspired underwater locomotion of light-driven liquid crystal gels. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, 117, 5125.
  4. Y.C. Cheng*, H.C. Lu, X. Lee, H. Zeng*, A. Priimagi, Kirigami‐Based Light‐Induced Shape‐Morphing and Locomotion. Advanced Materials 2020, 32, 1906233.
  5. H. Zeng, H. Zhang, O. Ikkala*, A. Priimagi*, Associative learning by classical conditioning in liquid crystal network actuators. Matter (Cell Press), 2020, 2, 194.
  6. M. Lahikainen, H Zeng*, A Priimagi*, Design principles for non-reciprocal photomechanical actuation. Soft Matter, 2020,16, 5951.


  1. H. Zeng*, M. Lahikainen, L. Liu, Z. Ahmed, O.M. Wani, M. Wang, H. Yang, A. Priimagi*, Light-fuelled freestyle self-oscillators. Nature Communications, 2019, 10, 5057.
  2. H. Zhang, H. Zeng, A. Priimagi*, O. Ikkala*, Programmable responsive hydrogels inspired by classical conditioning algorithm, Nature communications. 2019, 10, 3267.
  3. O.M. Wani, R. Verpaalen, H. Zeng, A. Priimagi*, A.P.H.J. Schenning*, An artificial nocturnal flower via humidity‐gated photoactuation in liquid crystal networks.Advanced Materials 2019, 31, 1805985.


  1. M. Lahikainen, H. Zeng*, A. Priimagi*, Reconfigurable photoactuator through synergistic use of photochemical and photothermal effects. Nature communications. 2018, 9, 4148.
  2. Owies M. Wani, H. Zeng*, P. Wasylczykb, Arri Priimagi*, Programming photo-response in liquid crystal polymer actuators with laser projector. Advanced Optical Materials 2018, 6, 1700949.
  3. Hao Zeng*, Piotr Wasylczyk, Diederik S. Wiersma and Arri Priimagi*, Light robots: bridging the gap between micro-robotics and photomechanics in soft materials. Advanced Materials 2018, 30, 1703554.


  1. H. Zeng*, O. M. Wani, P. Wasylczyk, R. Kaczmarek, A. Priimagi*, Self-regulating iris based on light-actuated liquid-crystal elastomer. Advanced Materials 2017, 29, 1701814.
  2. Hao Zeng*, Owies M. Wani, Piotr Wasylczyk, Arri Priimagi*, Light-driven, caterpillar-inspired miniature inching robot. Macromolecular Rapid Communications 2017, 1700224.
  3. Owies M. Wani, Hao Zeng*, Arri Priimagi*, A light-driven artificial flytrap. Nature Communications 2017, 8, 15546.

Selected papers before 2017

  1. H. Zeng*, P. Wasylczyk, C. Parmeggiani, D. Martella, M. Burresi, D. S. Wiersma*, Light-fueled microscopic walkers. Advanced Materials 2015, 27, 3883.
  2. H. Zeng, D. Martella, P. Wasylczyk, G. Cerretti, J.-C. G. Lavocat, C.-H. Ho, C. Parmeggiani*, D. S. Wiersma*, High-resolution 3D direct laser writing for liquid-crystalline elastomer microstructures. Advanced Materials 2014, 26 2319-2322.
  3. S. Palagi, A. G. Mark, S. Y. Reigh, K. Melde, T. Qiu, H. Zeng, C. Parmeggiani, D. Martella, A. S. Castillo, N. Kapernaum, F. Giesselmann, D. S. Wiersma, E. Lauga, P. Fischer*, Structured light enables biomimetic swimming and versatile locomotion of photoresponsive soft microrobots. Nature Materials 2016, 15, 647.
  4. M. Rogóż, H. Zeng, C. Xuan, D. S. Wiersma, P. Wasylczyk*, Light-driven soft robot mimics caterpillar locomotion in natural scale. Advanced Optical Materials 2016, 4, 1689.