Children in Tampere central square space, city hall on the background and children in the front with a sign "Save the earth and keep the oceans clean!".


Spatial Socialization and Environmental Citizenship Research Collective (SPECS) is an interdisciplinary research environment, bringing together scholars who share an interest in the development of critical human agency in the translocally and transnationally networked reality. We approach the living environments of people and other species from various pedagogical perspectives of formal and informal education. Topical environmental challenges and societal responses to them motivate our work.