Poverty, pre-term birth, and nutritional deficiencies, are serious risk factors for child development, affecting not only children’s physical growth, but also their cognitive, emotional, and social development. A recent review in the Lancet estimated that approximately 200 million children are not attaining their developmental potential in low- and middle-income counties (Walker et al., 2011). The concern is pressing, as there is a growing consensus amongst pediatricians and developmental psychologists that neurocognitive development during the first years of life is critical for children’s long-term psychological functioning, educational attainment, and socioeconomic success.
The present project will be conducted in rural Malawi. The pilot phase of the project (n = 39) examined the feasibility of eye tracking based assessment of infant cognitive function in low-resource settings. The current phase is a large-scale prospective study following 444 infants from birth up to 18 months of age in order to study the associations between the child’s social and cognitive development, nutritional status, growth pattern, gestational age at birth, and rearing environment. The project aims at: i) developing valid methods to study early social and cognitive development in low-resource settings, and ii) facilitate early identification of serious risk factors for child development and interventions to promote infants’ physical and mental health.
This project is done in collaboration with University of Malawi. The project has got funding from Tampere University Hospital Medical foundation, the Tampere Association of Medical Doctors, the European Research Council, Nutriset S.A.S., and Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance III Project (FANTA) at FHI360.
- Pyykkö J, Ashorn U, Chilora E, Maleta K, Ashorn P, Leppänen JM. Associations between individual variations in visual attention at 9 months and behavioral competencies at 18 months in rural Malawi. PLoS ONE. 2020;e0239613. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0239613
- Pyykkö J, Ashorn P, Ashorn U, Niehaus DJH, Leppänen JM. Cross-cultural analysis of attention disengagement times supports the dissociation of faces and patterns in the infant brain. Sci Rep. 2019;9:14414. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-51034-x
- Pyykkö J, Forssman L, Maleta K, Ashorn P, Ashorn U, Leppänen JM. Early development of visual attention in infants in rural Malawi. Dev Sci. 2019;22:e12761. doi: 10.1111/desc.12761. Epub 2018 Oct 13.
- Forssman L, Ashorn P, Ashorn U, Maleta K, Matchado A, Kortekangas E, Leppänen JM. Eye-tracking-based assessment of cognitive function in low-resource settings. Arch Dis Child. 2017 Apr;102(4):301-302. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2016-310525. Epub 2016 Aug 22.
- Pyykkö, Juha. Visual Attention and Early Cognitive Development in Rural Malawian Infants. Doctoral dissertation, 2022.
- Jokinen, Jonna. Yleistynyt pelokkuus yhdeksän kuukauden ikäisten lasten kognitiivista suoriutumista selittävänä tekijänä matalan tulotason maassa. Pro Gradu, 2019.
- [2022-01-14] Infant eye tracking studies are replicable, but their predictive value remains unclear / Lasten silmänliiketutkimuksista saatiin toistettavia tuloksia, mutta niiden ennustearvo jäi epäselväksi
- [2019-10-08] Cross-cultural data revealed new information on early development of infants’ face perception / Monikansallinen aineisto toi uutta tietoa lasten kasvohavaintojen varhaiskehityksestä
- [2018-11-15] The study of infant attention expands in Malawi / Vauvan tarkkaavaisuuden tutkimus laajeni Malawissa
- [2015-12-03] Tampere Center for Child Health Research aims to bear fruit in the study of infant development