Since its foundation, TAPRI has been a hub of peace research in Finland.

The Peace and Conflict Research Institute was founded in Tampere in 1969 by the Finnish Parliament and it set to work in the following year. It became part of the University of Tampere (from 2019 Tampere University) as its own, independent research unit in 1994. In 2011 TAPRI joined the School of Social sciences and Humanities and later the Faculty of Social Sciences, retaining its independent status as a research institute.

Its main function is to conduct research about how to secure and maintain peace and how to mitigate and resolve international and national conflicts. During the first decades TAPRI’s research focused especially on arms proliferation and arms control as well as research on structural violence. After the cold war the research policy has been governed by the idea of peaceful change and questions related to globalization.

In addition to its extensive research, international cooperation has become an essential part of TAPRI’s activities since its inception. During the first years the institute focused on both cooperation within the Nordic countries and on participation in research projects of the United Nations and its specialized agencies. TAPRI has been also active in international umbrella organizations such as the International Peace Research Association (IPRA) and the European Peace Research Association (EuPRA). In fact, in the years 1975-79, TAPRI functioned as the headquarters for IPRA. Moreover, in 1987 TAPRI received the recognition as a “peace messenger” by the UN.


TAPRI’s core tasks consist of publishing, advising and consulting and international cooperation in the fields of peace, conflict and security. The institute’s expertise has been used by a variety of different authorities, especially various ministries such as the Finnish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, of Education and of Defense, but also international organizations like the OSCE and the UN.

During its over five decades long existence, TAPRI has released hundreds of publications by both its own researchers and external ones. Furthermore, the institute’s researchers have been active in teaching in the field of peace and conflict research. Upon its incorporation into the university school, TAPRI was granted the right to award Doctoral Degrees , with the first degree being attained in 2014. Besides, since 2012, TAPRI has been running its very own multidisciplinary Master’s Degree Programme in Peace, Mediation and Conflict Research with students attending from all over the world and with a variety of different academic backgrounds.