Pertti Haapala
Director of HEX

Pertti Haapala is professor of history and the director of the CoE. His special areas of research are social history and methodology of history. In HEX (Lived Welfare State) his focus is in the study of social structures and life-chance, i.e. the “limits of experience”, and in the history of social sciences as national identity (Lived Nation).


Ville Kivimäki
Lived Nation Team Leader

Ville Kivimäki has studied the social and cultural history of the Second World War and its aftermath in Finland, with a special emphasis on the traumatic war experiences and their psychiatric treatment. His main methodological interests are in the history of emotions, gender, and the German tradition of Erfahrungsgeschichte. In the CoE, Kivimäki leads the Lived Nation research team and studies the national experiences of violence and stress in the twentieth century.


Pirjo Markkola
Lived Welfare State Team Leader

Pirjo Markkola is professor of history specialized in gender history, history of children and childhood, and the history of Lutheranism and the welfare state in the Nordic countries. She is in charge of theme group Lived welfare state. Markkola’s own research focuses on the experiences of justice and injustice in child welfare. Another theme central to her research is lived religion and the Nordic welfare state.


Raisa Maria Toivo
Lived Religion Team Leader

Raisa Maria Toivo works on the history of early modern religion, gender and family, with a focus on structural, social and shared experience, and a smaller side current on magic and witchcraft. She is currently a Finnish Academy Research Fellow and heads the HEX group on ‘lived religion’.

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Johanna Annola
Postdoctoral Researcher

Postdoctoral researcher Johanna Annola studies the expectations and experiences of social care work in pre-welfare-state Finland. She is also interested in the interplay between everyday social care work and lived religion. Previously she has focused on institutional care in poorhouses and Magdalene asylums, as well as on grassroots level pioneers of social care work.

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Rob Boddice

Rob Boddice
University Researcher

Rob Boddice (PhD, FRHistS) joined HEX in 2020. He has previously held positions at Harvard University, McGill University, the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, and Freie Universität Berlin. Boddice has published extensively in the history of medicine, the history of science and the history of emotions. His recent books include The Science of Sympathy: Morality, Evolution and Victorian Civilization (University of Illinois Press, 2016), Pain: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2017), The History of Emotions (Manchester University Press, 2018), and A History of Feelings (Reaktion, 2019). With Mark Smith he has written Emotion, Sense, Experience (Cambridge University Press, 2020), and his Humane Professions: The Defence of Experimental Medicine, 1876-1914 (Cambridge University Press) will be published in 2021. At HEX he is beginning an experiential history of placebo and completing a four-volume set on scientific knowledge production in the long nineteenth century called Experiment, Expertise, Experience (Routledge, 2022).


Reetta EiranenReetta Eiranen
Postdoctoral Researcher

Reetta Eiranen focuses on the histories of experience, emotions, gender and nationalism. Her theoretical and methodological interests include e.g. hermeneutics, epistolary research and narrative approaches. In her PhD dissertation, defended in June 2019, she studied how the close relationships and nationalistic cause intertwined in emotional and gendered ways in a key family of Finnish nineteenth-century nationalism, the Tengströms.

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Minna Harjula
University Researcher

University researcher Minna Harjula has specialized in the history of welfare policies. She focuses on lived welfare state as experienced encounters between citizens and local social security institutions in Finland in the 1930s-1980s. By analyzing the divergent experiences of individual-society relationship in these encounters, her study opens a perspective to the lived construction and legitimation of Finnish welfare state. Previously she has focused on disability history, health policy, health citizenship and on the linkage between political and social citizenship in Finland in the late nineteenth and twentieth century.

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Kirsi-Maria Hytönen
Postdoctoral Researcher

Kirsi-Maria Hytönen is a postdoctoral researcher and an ethnologist. Her main interests are oral history, experiences of the Second World War and postwar society, and memories of childhood and child welfare. Her research teams in HEX are ‘lived welfare’ and ‘lived nation’, with a research focus on experiences of foster care in a Finnish welfare state.


Mervi Kaarninen
Senior Lecturer

Mervi Kaarninen focuses on the living conditions of children and youth and relations between children and parents during the crises of the twentieth century. Mervi Kaarninen has published several books and articles on the Finnish childhood and youth, on gender history and on the social history of education.


Sari Katajala-Peltomaa
University Researcher

University researcher Sari Katajala-Peltomaa studies late medieval lived religion by analyzing rituals and miracle narrations. Her work concentrates on how religion-as-lived turned norms and values into social actions and performances – and how rituals and narrations in turn shaped values and institutions. Currently she focuses on cases of demonic possession as well as interconnections between lived religion and gender in late medieval Europe.


Mikko KemppainenMikko Kemppainen
Postdoctoral Researcher/Coordinator

In his studies, project researcher Mikko Kemppainen focuses on the interaction between political ideas, religion and gender. In 2020, he defended his doctoral dissertation on Finnish female working class authors at the beginning of the 20th century. Kemppainen acts also as the communications secretary of HEX.


Heikki Kokko
Postdoctoral Researcher

Postdoctoral researcher Heikki Kokko has specialized in the history of modern communality “from below”. In the research groups Lived welfare state and Lived nation Kokko studies the experience of the modern belonging to society in Finland in the mid-1800s. Especially, he focuses on the societal significance of the information technology in the construction of the Western modern individual-society relationship. His study opens a perspective to the modern notion of society as a new way of defining one’s belonging to a larger “translocal” entity, which is an extension of the local. Previously, he has focused on the emerging of the Western notion of the modern self in the thinking of ordinary people. His special areas of research are conceptual history and digital history.

Within HEX, Kokko coordinates the digital history project Translocalis Database, which builds a database of readers’ letters that were published in the name of local communities in the 19th century Finnish press.

Personal profile page | Translocalis Database| Twitter |

Miia Kuha
Visiting Research Fellow

Miia Kuha, visiting research fellow in HEX, focuses on religious practices, social interaction and power relations in early modern local communities. She studies lived religion among the peasantry as well as the agency of clergymen and clerical families in Eastern Finnish rural parishes. She defended her dissertation on the observance of holy days among the peasantry in the 17th century Eastern Finland in 2016. She has also published several articles on the relationship of the church and community on the local level. Kuha has also studied the historiography of cultural history in late 19th century Finland and Sweden. profile


Jenni Kuuliala
University Researcher

Jenni Kuuliala’s work focuses on medieval and early modern social history of medicine. In HEX, she works in the teams ‘lived religion’ and also ‘lived welfare state’, where she focuses on the interconnection of lived religion and healing. She is particularly interested in the ways healing – be it administered by physicians, surgeons, apothecaries, or so-called folk healers – interlinked, collaborated and conflicted with religious beliefs, and how ‘lived religion’ functioned in the patient experiences of the time.

Kuuliala has published on the history of dis/ability, sainthood, childhood, and religious healing; a monograph based on her PhD thesis, Childhood Disability and Social Integration in the Middle Ages: Constructions of Impairments in Thirteenth- and Fourteenth-Century Canonization Processes, was published by Brepols in 2016. Currently she is also leading a public disability history project.

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Tuomas Laine-Frigren
Postdoctoral Researcher

Tuomas Laine-Frigren is a postdoctoral researcher specialized in the history of childhood, mental health and psychology. In HEX, Laine-Frigren studies the readjustment of child evacuees returning to Finland after WWII. The research focuses on encounters between child experts and ‘war children’ but also sets out to interpret children’s own coping strategies and what might be called their lived experience. In his previous research, Laine-Frigren has studied psychological expertise and social planning in Cold War Hungary, rehabilitation of disabled veterans in Post-WWII Finland, and political construction of collective victim identities.


Hanna Lindberg
Postdoctoral Researcher

Hanna Lindberg is a postdoctoral researcher specialized in the history of the welfare state, social movements, and minorities. In HEX, she studies the positions and experiences of minorities in the expanding and declining Finnish welfare state during the second half of the 20th century, especially focusing on the case of the Finland-Swedish Deaf. She has previously published works on the construction of gender in academic social policy, and the history of scientific writing in Finland.


Antti Malinen
Postdoctoral Researcher

Antti Malinen is a postdoctoral researcher specialized in the history of childhood and family life. His main research focus is on how societies, institutions and especially families and children are coping and how they are influenced by political and social crises, including military conflicts. In HEX Malinen will investigate how children have experienced and articulated their feelings of distress in 20th century Finland, both in writing and through drawings, and also in their behaviour and bodily expressions.

Malinen has written extensively on the social history of post-WWI and WWII Finland, especially from the perspectives of experiences, emotions and gender. In his recent non-fiction book (2017, Gaudeamus) Malinen studied the experience of post-war Finnish childhood. Currently he is writing a book on the role of friendships in children’s lives and welfare.

Malinen also manages a webpage (in Finnish) specialized on the history of childhood.

Lapsuuden historiaa (@antti__malinen) / Twitter profile | ResearchGate profile


Riikka Miettinen
Postdoctoral Researcher

Riikka Miettinen is a postdoctoral researcher specialized in the history of early modern Sweden and Finland. Working in two thematic groups of HEX, ‘lived religion’ and ‘lived welfare state’, she is studying the social history of insanity, disability and poor relief. Her project focuses on the interconnections between religion, welfare and the experiences of those considered mentally deviant in early modern (ca. 1550–1800) Sweden and Finland. In particular, she is interested in the early modern ‘welfare systems’ and the role of religion in the everyday lives of the insane.

She has previously published on the history of suicides and death, the rural landless and disability history. Her recent publications include a monograph based on her PhD thesis, Suicide, Law, and Community in Early Modern Sweden (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019).

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Heidi Morrison
Senior Research Fellow

Heidi Morrison is a specialist in modern Middle East history, the history of childhood, and oral history. She seeks to better understand the lived experience of children and youth in modern and contemporary global history, particularly as it relates to the nation. Her work on the history of experience employs the technique of portraiture, which blends artistic expression with systematic empirical research to capture the complex and subtle dynamics of human experience (Lawrence-Lightfoot and Davies, 1994). Heidi is on leave from her position as associate professor of history at the University of Wisconsin, La Crosse in the USA.

She is co-general editor of the forthcoming 6-volume Bloomsbury Cultural History of Youth and 4-volume Routledge History of Children and Childhood. She is currently working on an edited volume about lived resistance among Palestinian children and a monograph on narration, memory, and children’s trauma in Palestine. While at HEX, Heidi will begin a new joint project with the Tampere University medical school on the history of children’s global health. Heidi is the author of Childhood and Colonial Modernity in Egypt (Palgrave 2015) and the editor of The Global History of Childhood Reader (Routledge 2012).


Stephanie Olsen
University Researcher

Stephanie Olsen, Ph.D, FRHistS, is the author/co-author of two monographs, Juvenile Nation: Youth, Emotions and the Making of the Modern British Citizen (Bloomsbury, 2014) and Learning How to Feel: Children’s Literature and the History of Emotional Socialization, c. 1870-1970 (Oxford University Press, 2014), and the editor of the collection, Childhood, Youth and Emotions in Modern History: National, Colonial and Global Perspectives (Palgrave, 2015). Her new research focuses on the ‘Lived Nation’ in the context of the British Empire and specially on children’s education and the cultivation of hope in the First World War. It is supported by a Social Science and Humanities Council of Canada Insight Development Grant. She is also the general co-editor of the forthcoming 6-volume Bloomsbury Cultural History of Youth.

Curriculum VitaeTwitter | profile | Website


Rose-Marie Peake
Postdoctoral Reseacher

Rose-Marie Peake specializes in early modern history, especially France, gender, body, and sexuality. She is currently working on a project on emotions and transgressive, also queer, sexual culture in Catholic Reformation France.

Peake earned her PhD at the University of Helsinki in 2016. Her monograph The Power of Religious Societies in Shaping Early Modern Society and Identities (Amsterdam University Press, 2020) is based on her PhD dissertation. She is also author of Korsetti ja krusifiksi – vaikutusvaltaisia barokin ajan pariisittaria (“Corset and crucifix – influential Parisian women in the age of the Baroque“, Gaudeamus, 2019) on lay and religious women in seventeenth-century Paris together with PhD Riikka-Maria Rosenberg.

The book Korsetti ja krusifiksi is linked to the public Kone foundation funded project “Kahisevaa taftia ja karheita nunnakaapuja: muoti ja sen kritiikki barokin ajan Pariisissa” on fashion and counterreactions in seventeenth-century Paris, lead by Peake.

Peake is also an LGBTIQ activist and author together with sex therapist Outi Santavuori of Entiset heterot – kuinka löysin itseni sateenkaaren alta (“Former heteros: How I found myself under the rainbow“, Atena, 2019), a non-fiction volume on sexuality and gender related late-blooming.


Sami Suodenjoki
University Researcher

Sami Suodenjoki is specialized in labour history, popular politics and rural modernization. His HEX project deals with the experiential bases of political mobilisations in Finland and the Russian empire in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Suodenjoki focuses on how ordinary people’s encounters with the imperial authority shaped popular experiences of the empire and how these lived experiences linked with class and national identities. He also studies the experiences of inclusion in and exclusion from local government by charting the establishment of municipal councils in the Finnish countryside.

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Marko Tikka
University Researcher

PhD, (Title of Docent) Marko Tikka is university researcher in History in Tampere University. His research interests are in twentieth-century history, especially the history of the 1918 Civil War in Finland, transition-from-war-to-peace processes and the history of the Finnish popular music. In the Lived Nation Team he will focuse on ideas of the nation in early Finnish popular music and on the processes in restitution of the historical injustices in Finland.


Tanja Vahtikari
Senior Lecturer

Tanja Vahtikari is a specialist in history of heritage (incl. UNESCO World Heritage), post-war urban history and urban memorial cultures, on which she has published widely. In HEX, she is a member of the group “lived nation”. In her research, Tanja Vahtikari explores the practices of “lived national heritage” during the 20th century, and how the nation was experienced in various unofficial settings by engaging with local heritages and history/memory cultures.


Affiliated members

Andrew G. Newby
Kone Foundation Senior Research Fellow

Andrew Newby is a specialist in international history (particularly of the “Long Nineteenth Century”) and Docent in European Area and Cultural Studies. His particular focus in HEX is on the Great Finnish Famine of the 1860s, particularly in comparative perspective (in terms of local and national governance, and commemoration / memorialisation). His current project at Tampere Institute for Advanced Social Research examines the international aid which was sent to Finland in the 1850s and 60s, the reasons for that aid, and how it was distributed.

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Louise Settle
Postdoctoral Researcher

Louise Settle is postdoctoral researcher who specialises in the history of crime, gender and social work in Britain during the twentieth century. In HEX she is completing a book project on the history of probation in Britain (1907-1960) which explores the role of the British state in policing interpersonal relationships and emotions. The project focuses on how the everyday practices of probation policies influenced the experiences of probationers convicted for offences such as domestic violence, attempted suicide, prostitution, gross indecency and indecent assault.

Louise has previously published on the history of prostitution, the geography of crime, and child sexual abuse. A monograph based on her PhD thesis, Sex for Sale in Scotland: Prostitution in Edinburgh and Glasgow, 1900-1939, was published by Edinburgh University Press in 2016.


Visiting scholars

Claudia Eggart

Claudia Eggart is a sociologist and social anthropologist, currently doing her Ph.D. at the University of Manchester. Her research engages with emotions, mobility and border regimes, crisis, and the social production of space and time with a special focus on post-Soviet market transformation. She has extended ethnographic research experience in Russia and Kyrgyzstan and is currently undertaking oral histories with market traders from Odesa, Ukraine, and Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. In her doctoral research project, she is interested in the intersection of large-scale geopolitical transformations (e.g. the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative, the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union, or the European Union) and lived geopolitics at the market, across borders, and in times of crisis.


Mari Eyice
Postdoctoral Researcher

Mari Eyice is a postdoctoral researcher and a guest at HEX during the Autumn of 2020 (remotely) and during 2022 (hopefully on site in Tampere). Her research concerns questions of emotions, body and religion in the early modern period. She has done her doctoral work on emotional practices in the Swedish Reformation and is currently working on a three year-project on empathy and disability in the early modern period.


Kalle Kananoja
Postdoctoral Researcher

Kalle Kananoja is a senior research fellow at the University of Oulu and visiting researcher at HEX (February 2021). He has previously worked as a lecturer in African studies at the University of Helsinki and held fellowships at the European University Institute, King’s College London and the John Carter Brown Library. He has published on the social and cultural histories of slavery and medicine in the early modern Atlantic world, including the recent monograph Healing Knowledge in Atlantic Africa (Cambridge University Press, 2021). At HEX, he will work on the history of health and lived medicine in early twentieth-century Owamboland, South West Africa.


Sigríður Matthíasdóttir

Sigríður Matthíasdóttir, is a Ph.D (Dr.Phil). from the University of Iceland and is an independent historian at the Reykjavík Academy ( Her research has covered gender history, nationalism, university history and emigration and she has published widely on these issues. She is a co-author of Aldarsaga Háskóla Íslands 1911-2011 (The Hundred Year History of the University of Iceland 1911-2011). She has also been a Fulbright visiting researcher at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) in 2007 and a visiting researcher the Historical Faculty of University of Stockholm in 2017. She has also been several times for a shorter period at the Historical Faculty of Åbo Akademi in Finland.

Since 2013 she has been doing a research on the theme single women who emigrated from Iceland to North-America 1870-1914, which for example received a three years grant from the Icelandic Research Fund 2013-2015. As a continuation of that research she is now writing a biography about two female merchants from East Iceland, Pálína S. Gudmundsdóttir Waage (1864-1935) and her granddaughter Pálína Kr. Thorbjörnsdóttir Waage (1926-2005). The biography, based on personal sources, is a story about transnational relations and emigration to North America as well as female entrepreneurship. This research focuses especially on these women´s agency, for example in relation to how it was shaped by their “lived religion” and “lived nationalism / transnationalism”. It has been funded by several grants, for example from The Non-Fiction Writers’ Fund and the Icelandic Equality Fund.


Wiktor MarzecWiktor Marzec
Assistant Professor

Wiktor Marzec received his PhD from the Central European University, Budapest. He is an Assistant Professor and project leader in The Robert Zajonc Institute for Social Studies, University of Warsaw, Poland. He is the author of Rising Subjects. The 1905 Revolution and the Origins of Modern Polish Politics (Pittsburgh UP, 2020), co-author of From Cotton and Smoke. Łódź – Industrial City and Discourses of Asynchronous Modernity, 1897–1994 and several articles on Poland within the Russian Empire focusing on labor history and history of concepts. Currently, he runs a comparative project on political trajectories of the late tsarist borderlands.


Ismay Milford
Postdoctoral Researcher

Ismay Milford is a historian of East Africa’s twentieth-century global connections and a visiting postdoctoral researcher at HEX (October-December 2020). She is normally based at the University of Edinburgh, where she is preparing her first monograph on anticolonial networks during the 1950s and contributing to a Leverhulme-funded project ‘Another World? East Africa and the global 1960s’. At HEX she is researching the spiritual movement ‘Moral Re-Armament’ and exploring how a history of experience approach could inform her new project on the ‘information sector’ in East Africa.

Anna Rajavuori
Postdoctoral researcher

Anna Rajavuori is a political historian at the University of Helsinki and a visiting post-doctoral researcher at HEX in March 2021. Her research project “Parliament as a Stage: Audiences, Emotions and politics of Performance in the Finnish Parliament in the 1907-1920” is funded by Kone Foundation. In her PhD thesis, she studied socialist agitation in rural central Finland in 1906-1908 and is interested in politics and performance, emotions and political movements.