Fundamentals of Accessibility 


1. General introduction and orientation
  • Course terminology
  • Visual vs invisible disabilities
  • Socio-economic factors etc.
  • Understanding disability
2. Legislation and policies
  • Types of legislation and policies, types of accessibility
  • United Nations – Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)
  • Standards and guidelines, EU Legislation, legislation and policies in Finland
  • Liability of technology manufacturers or service providers
3. Users: Sensory impairments
  • Visual impairments
  • Auditory impairments
  • Physical impairments
4. Users: Cognitive impairment
  • Linguistic and cognitive accessibility
  • Easy and plain language
  • User groups (intellectual disability, dementia, ASD, aphasia, dyslexia)
5. Accessible culture and communication
  • Accessible communication (easy spoken interaction)
  • Accessible culture: forms of accessibility, policies, practices
6. Making content accessible
  • Methods of intralingual and interlingual translation for the conversion of speech to text and text to speech and the adaptation of language and localisation
  • Methods of intermodal and -semiotic translation for the conversion of visual and auditory information to verbal or vice versa
7. Accessible human-technology interaction
  • Basics of human-technology interaction
  • Enabling technologies: speech, haptics, gestures, gaze and others
  • Examples of accessibility solutions
8. Assistive technologies and adaptive strategies 
  • Accessibility features and accessibility barriers
  • Assistive technologies
  • Adaptive strategies
9. Accessibility and user experience
  • User experience evaluation of interactive applications (e.g., SUXES method)
  • Field studies with special user groups (e.g., SymbolChat, Voice cotrolled TV)
  • Assessing experiences of individuals with developmental disabilities with interactive applications (behavorial observations, data triangulation, stakeholder interviews)
  • Field studies with children with developmental disabilities (examples from previous research)
10. Web accessibility
  • Accessibility features and accessibility barriers on the web
  • The impact of accessible and inaccessible Web design on people’s lives around the world
  • Web documents and understandable Web content
  • Web documents and basics of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML)
  • Overview to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) (e.g. Alt text, captions, keyboard navigation and focus, roles)